INDEX :: INDIA
India भारत officially
the Republic of
India is a sovereign nation in South Asia. It is the seventh largest
country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and
the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian
Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of
Bengal on the east, India has a coastline of 7,517 kilometers (4,671
mi). It borders Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to
the north-east; and Bangladesh and Burma to the east. In the Indian
Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka, Maldives and
Home to the Indus Valley Civilization and a region of historic trade
routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with
its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history.
Four major world religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism
originated here, while Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and
Islam arrived in the first millennium CE and shaped the region's
diverse culture. Gradually annexed by the British East India Company
from the early eighteenth century and colonised by the United
Kingdom from the mid-nineteenth century, India became a modern
nation state in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was
marked by widespread nonviolent resistance.
India is the world's twelfth largest economy at market exchange
rates and the third largest economy in purchasing power. Economic
reforms have transformed it into the second fastest growing large
economy; however, it still suffers from high levels of poverty,
illiteracy, malnutrition and environmental degradation. A
pluralistic, multilingual, and multiethnic society, India is also
home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected
cities in India.
— the capital of India for a thousand years and the heart of
Bengaluru) — The garden city, once the sleepy home of
pensioners now transformed into the city of pubs, technology
Madras) — main port in Southern India, cradle of Carnatic
Music and Bharatanatyam, home of the famous Marina beach,
Automobile Capital of India and a fast emerging IT hub.
Jaipur — the Pink
City is a major exhibit of the Hindu Rajput culture of
medeival Northern India.
Kochi (formerly Cochin)
— Historically, a centre of international trade, now the
gateway to the sandy beaches and backwaters of Kerala.
Calcutta) — the cultural capital of India, Kolkata is home
to numerous colonial buildings. It is known as The City of
Bombay) — the financial capital of India, "Bollywood"
(Indian Hindi Film Industry) hub.
Shimla — the
former summer capital of British India located in the
Himalayan foothills with a large legacy of Victorian
considered the most sacred Hindu city, located on the banks
of the Ganges, one of the oldest continually inhabited
cities of the world.
Other top travel
destination around India:
— the place where the Buddha Sakyamuni attained enlightenment.
Ellora/Ajanta — spectacular rock-cut cave monasteries and
temples, holy place for the Buddhists, Jains and Hindus.
Goa — an east-west mix, beaches
and syncretic culture.
Golden Temple — Sikh holy
site located in Amritsar
Hampi — the
awesome ruins of the empire of Vijayanagara
Khajuraho — famed for its erotic sculptures
Konark — Sun Temple, unique example of Kalingan Architecture,
an UNESCO World Heritage site.
Lake Palace — the Lake Palace of Octopussy fame,
located in Udaipur
Meenakshi Temple — a spectacular Hindu temple in
Taj Mahal — the incomparable marble tomb in Agra
Parasnath hills — A Holy Climb,Jerusalem to the Jains.