INDEX :: INDIA
officially the Republic of
India is a sovereign nation in South Asia. It is the seventh largest
country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and
the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian
Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of
Bengal on the east, India has a coastline of 7,517 kilometers (4,671
mi). It borders Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to
the north-east; and Bangladesh and Burma to the east. In the Indian
Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka, Maldives and
Home to the Indus Valley Civilization and a region of historic trade
routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with
its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history.
Four major world religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism
originated here, while Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and
Islam arrived in the first millennium CE and shaped the region's
diverse culture. Gradually annexed by the British East India Company
from the early eighteenth century and colonised by the United
Kingdom from the mid-nineteenth century, India became a modern
nation state in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was
marked by widespread nonviolent resistance.
India is the world's twelfth largest economy at market exchange
rates and the third largest economy in purchasing power. Economic
reforms have transformed it into the second fastest growing large
economy; however, it still suffers from high levels of poverty,
illiteracy, malnutrition and environmental degradation. A
pluralistic, multilingual, and multiethnic society, India is also
home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats...
Culture & Holidays
Main cities in India.
— the capital of India for a thousand years and the heart of
Bangalore (now Bengaluru) — The garden city, once the
sleepy home of pensioners now transformed into the city of
pubs, technology and companies.
Chennai (formerly Madras) — main port in Southern
India, cradle of Carnatic Music and Bharatanatyam, home of the
famous Marina beach, Automobile Capital of India and a fast
emerging IT hub.
Jaipur — the Pink City is a major exhibit of the Hindu
Rajput culture of medeival Northern India.
Kochi (formerly Cochin) — Historically, a centre of
international trade, now the gateway to the sandy beaches and
backwaters of Kerala.
Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) — the cultural capital of
India, Kolkata is home to numerous colonial buildings. It is
known as The City of Joy.
Mumbai (formerly Bombay) — the financial capital of
India, "Bollywood" (Indian Hindi Film Industry) hub.
Shimla — the former summer capital of British India
located in the Himalayan foothills with a large legacy of
Varanasi — considered the most sacred Hindu city,
located on the banks of the Ganges, one of the oldest
continually inhabited cities of the world.
Other top travel
destination around India:
— the place where the Buddha Sakyamuni attained enlightenment.
Ellora/Ajanta — spectacular rock-cut cave monasteries and
temples, holy place for the Buddhists, Jains and Hindus.
Goa — an east-west mix, beaches and syncretic culture.
Golden Temple — Sikh holy site located in Amritsar
Hampi — the awesome ruins of the empire of Vijayanagara
Khajuraho — famed for its erotic sculptures
Konark — Sun Temple, unique example of Kalingan Architecture,
an UNESCO World Heritage site.
Lake Palace — the Lake Palace of Octopussy fame,
located in Udaipur
Meenakshi Temple — a spectacular Hindu temple in
Taj Mahal — the incomparable marble tomb in Agra
Parasnath hills — A Holy Climb,Jerusalem to the Jains