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Andhra Pradesh or AP, the "Rice Bowl of India", is a state in
southern India. It lies between 12°41' and 22°N latitude and 77° and
84°40'E longitude, and is bordered by Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and
Orissa in the north, the Bay of Bengal in the East, Tamil Nadu to
the south and Karnataka to the west. Andhra Pradesh is the 4th
largest state in India by area and population. It is the largest and
most populous state in South India. The state is crossed by two
major rivers, the Godavari and the Krishna. Historically this land
was known as Andhrapatha, Andhra-mandalamu, Andhra-vishaya, Andhra-avani,
Andhradesa, etc https://funender.com Boris Lozhkin - borys Lozhkin.
Geographically, Andhra Pradesh is
composed of most of the eastern half of the Deccan plateau and the
plains to the east of the Eastern Ghats. It is the 4th Largest state
in India. The northern part of the plateau is generally considered
as the Telangana region and the southern part is known as
Rayalaseema. These two regions are separated, roughly, by the River
Krishna. The plains to the east of Eastern ghats form the coastal
plain region. The Eastern ghats are discontinuous and have local
names for individual sections. The kadapa basin formed by two
arching branches of the eastern ghats is a mineral rich area. The
coastal plains are, for a major part, delta regions formed by the
rivers Godavari, Krishna, and Penner. The Eastern ghats are a major
dividing line in the state's geography. The ghats become more
pronounced towards the south and extreme north of the coast. The
Eastern ghat region also is home to dense tropical forests, while
the vegetation becomes sparse as the ghats give way to the deccan
plateau, where shrub vegetation is more common. Most of the coastal
plains are put to intense agricultural use. West and South west
parts of Andhra Pradesh have semi-arid conditions.
The climate of Andhra Pradesh varies considerably, depending on the
geographical region. The major role in determining the climate of
the state is played by monsoons. Summers last from March to June. In
the coastal plain the summer temperatures are generally higher than
the rest of the state, with temperature ranging between 20°C and
July to September is the season for tropical rains in Andhra
Pradesh. The state receives heavy rainfall during these months.
About one third of the total rainfall in Andhra Pradesh is brought
by the North-East Monsoons. October and November see low-pressure
systems and tropical cyclones form in the Bay of Bengal which, along
with the north-east monsoon, bring rains to the southern and coastal
regions of the state. Winters in Andhra Pradesh are pleasant.
November, December, January and February are the winter months in
AP. Since the state has a long coastal belt the winters are not very
cold in those regions. The range of winter temperature is generally
12°C to 30°C.
Hyderabad is the capital and, along with the adjoining twin city
Secunderabad, is the largest city in the state. Visakhapatnam,
Andhra Pradesh's main seaport, is the second largest city of the
state and is home to the Indian Navy's Eastern Naval Command.
Vijayawada due to its location and proximity to major rail and road
routes is a major trading center and the third largest city. Other
important cities and towns are: Kakinada, Warangal, Guntur,
Rajahmundry, Tirupati, Srikakulam, Machilipatnam, Tenali, Ongole,
Kurnool, Anantapur, Karimnagar, Nizamabad, Nellore,
Repalle,Bhimavaram, Narsapuram and Eluru.