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Arunachal Pradesh

            Arunachal Pradesh is a federated state of India, located in the far northeast. It borders the states of Assam and Nagaland to the south and southeast, and shares borders with Burma/Myanmar in the east, Bhutan in the northwest, and Tibet in the north. The majority of its territory is claimed by the People's Republic of China as part of its Tibetan Autonomous Region. The current border is the McMahon Line agreed upon by Great Britain and the then de facto independent Tibet in a 1914 treaty. The Chinese government of the time had not been party to the treaty, resulting in a dispute over the treaty's legitimacy. Itanagar is the capital of the state.


Arunachal Pradesh means "land of the rising sun" in reference to its position as the easternmost state of India. Pradesh means state or region. Most of the people living in Arunachal Pradesh are either of Tibeto-Burman or indigenous tribal origin. Another 16% of the population are immigrants, including 30,000 Bangladeshi and Chakma expatriates, and migrants from other parts of India, notably Assam and Nagaland. Part of the famous Ledo Burma Road, which was a lifeline to China during World War II passes through the state.