Geography of India
defining geological processes commenced seventy-five million years
ago, when the Indian subcontinent, then part of the southern
supercontinent Gondwana, began a northeastwards drift — lasting
fifty million years — across the then unformed Indian Ocean. The
subcontinent's subsequent collision with the Eurasian Plate and subduction under it, gave rise to the Himalayas, the planet's
highest mountains, which now abut India in the north and the
north-east. In the former seabed immediately south of the
emerging Himalayas, plate movement created a vast trough, which,
having gradually been filled with river-borne sediment, now
forms the Indo-Gangetic Plain. To the west of this plain, and
cut off from it by the Aravalli Range, lies the Thar Desert. The
original Indian plate now survives as peninsular India, the oldest
and geologically most stable part of India, and extending as far
north as the Satpura and Vindhya ranges in central India. These
parallel ranges run from the Arabian Sea coast in Gujarat in the
west to the coal-rich Chota Nagpur Plateau in Jharkhand in the
east. To their south, the remaining peninsular landmass, the Deccan Plateau, is flanked on the left and right by the coastal
ranges, Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats respectively; the
plateau contains the oldest rock formations in India, some over one
billion years old. Constituted in such fashion, India lies to the
north of the equator between 6°44' and 35°30' north latitude and
68°7' and 97°25' east longitude.
India's coast is 7,517 kilometers (4,671 mi) long; of this distance,
5,423 kilometers (3,370 mi) belong to peninsular India, and 2,094
kilometers (1,301 mi) to the Andaman, Nicobar, and Lakshadweep
Islands. According to the Indian naval hydrographic charts, the
mainland coast consists of: 43% sandy beaches, 11% rocky coast
including cliffs, and 46% mudflats or marshy coast.
Major Himalayan-origin rivers that substantially flow through India
include the Ganges and the Brahmaputra, both of which drain into the
Bay of Bengal. Important tributaries of the Ganges include the Yamuna and the Kosi, nicknamed "Bihar's Sorrow," whose extremely low
gradient causes disastrous floods every year. Major peninsular
rivers — whose steeper gradients prevent their waters from flooding
— include the Godavari, the Mahanadi, the Kaveri, and the Krishna,
which also drain into the Bay of Bengal, and the Narmada and the
Tapti, which drain into the Arabian Sea. Among notable coastal
features of India are the marshy Rann of Kutch in western India, and
the alluvial Sundarbans delta, which India shares with
Bangladesh. India has two archipelagos: the Lakshadweep, coral
atolls off India's south-western coast, and the Andaman and Nicobar
Islands, a volcanic chain in the Andaman Sea.
Hotels booking in 179 different cities and places of India
India's climate is strongly influenced by the Himalayas and the Thar
Desert, both of which drive the monsoons. The Himalayas prevent
cold Central Asian katabatic winds from blowing in, keeping the bulk
of the Indian subcontinent warmer than most locations at similar
latitudes. The Thar Desert plays a crucial role in attracting
the moisture-laden southwest summer monsoon winds that, between June
and October, provide the majority of India's rainfall. Four
major climatic groupings predominate in India: tropical wet,
tropical dry, subtropical humid, and montane.
information and update please visit
Website related to Geography of
Geography of India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The geography of India describes the physical features of India, a
country in South Asia that lies entirely on the Indian Plate in the
northern portion of ...
Geography of India, India Geographical Maps, India Geography
Geography of India - Are you looking for India geography maps and
information? Get Geographical maps of India, India Agriculture Maps,
India geological map, ...
geography of india
Size: Total land area in India - 2973190 square kilometers. Total
area, including territorial seas, claimed is 3287590 square
India: Geography, Maps and Information
Geography and maps of the South Asian country of India.
Facts about India - Geography
Facts about India - Geography- land, climate, geographical
divisions, flora and fauna, national parks, rivers, mountains etc in
India: History, Geography, Government, and Culture
Information on India — geography, history, politics, government,
economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages,
largest cities, ...
Geography of India
Indify provides an insight into the Geography of India.
Geography of India,India Geography,Geographic features of India
Know the geography of india through this section of surfindia. india
geography is very rich is landscape, rivers and mountains.
Geographic features of india ...
An Introduction to India
Perhaps the only thing more difficult than to be indifferent to
India would be to describe or understand India completely. Location,
Geography, & Climate ...