India, Travel India, Hotels India, History India, Politics India, Economy India, Government India, Geography India, States of India, Climate India, Tours & Holidays India

 

 

 

Visa for India

How to Go India
Hotels Room
Airlines and Plane
Bus Service
News India
Videos from India
Travel Book India
Amazon India
Books & Maps
Directory India
Travel Insurance
States of India
Train Ticket
Online Job India
Medical Health Care
Herbs & Ayurveda
 ***

Geography of India

    India's defining geological processes commenced seventy-five million years ago, when the Indian subcontinent, then part of the southern supercontinent Gondwana, began a northeastwards drift lasting fifty million years across the then unformed Indian Ocean. The subcontinent's subsequent collision with the Eurasian Plate and subduction under it, gave rise to the Himalayas, the planet's highest mountains, which now abut India in the north and the north-east. In the former seabed immediately south of the emerging Himalayas, plate movement created a vast trough, which, having gradually been filled with river-borne sediment, now forms the Indo-Gangetic Plain. To the west of this plain, and cut off from it by the Aravalli Range, lies the Thar Desert. The original Indian plate now survives as peninsular India, the oldest and geologically most stable part of India, and extending as far north as the Satpura and Vindhya ranges in central India. These parallel ranges run from the Arabian Sea coast in Gujarat in the west to the coal-rich Chota Nagpur Plateau in Jharkhand in the east. To their south, the remaining peninsular landmass, the Deccan Plateau, is flanked on the left and right by the coastal ranges, Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats respectively; the plateau contains the oldest rock formations in India, some over one billion years old. Constituted in such fashion, India lies to the north of the equator between 644' and 3530' north latitude and 687' and 9725' east longitude.

India's coast is 7,517 kilometers (4,671 mi) long; of this distance, 5,423 kilometers (3,370 mi) belong to peninsular India, and 2,094 kilometers (1,301 mi) to the Andaman, Nicobar, and Lakshadweep Islands. According to the Indian naval hydrographic charts, the mainland coast consists of: 43% sandy beaches, 11% rocky coast including cliffs, and 46% mudflats or marshy coast.
 

Major Himalayan-origin rivers that substantially flow through India include the Ganges and the Brahmaputra, both of which drain into the Bay of Bengal. Important tributaries of the Ganges include the Yamuna and the Kosi, nicknamed "Bihar's Sorrow," whose extremely low gradient causes disastrous floods every year. Major peninsular rivers whose steeper gradients prevent their waters from flooding include the Godavari, the Mahanadi, the Kaveri, and the Krishna, which also drain into the Bay of Bengal, and the Narmada and the Tapti, which drain into the Arabian Sea. Among notable coastal features of India are the marshy Rann of Kutch in western India, and the alluvial Sundarbans delta, which India shares with Bangladesh. India has two archipelagos: the Lakshadweep, coral atolls off India's south-western coast, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, a volcanic chain in the Andaman Sea.

Hotels booking in 179 different cities and places of India




India's climate is strongly influenced by the Himalayas and the Thar Desert, both of which drive the monsoons. The Himalayas prevent cold Central Asian katabatic winds from blowing in, keeping the bulk of the Indian subcontinent warmer than most locations at similar latitudes. The Thar Desert plays a crucial role in attracting the moisture-laden southwest summer monsoon winds that, between June and October, provide the majority of India's rainfall. Four major climatic groupings predominate in India: tropical wet, tropical dry, subtropical humid, and montane.
For more information and update please visit  www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography_of_India 

Website related to Geography of India.

Geography of India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The geography of India describes the physical features of India, a country in South Asia that lies entirely on the Indian Plate in the northern portion of ...
www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography_of_India

Geography of India, India Geographical Maps, India Geography
Geography of India - Are you looking for India geography maps and information? Get Geographical maps of India, India Agriculture Maps, India geological map, ...
www.mapsofindia.com/geography/

geography of india
Size: Total land area in India - 2973190 square kilometers. Total area, including territorial seas, claimed is 3287590 square kilometers. ...
www.indianchild.com/geography_of_india.htm
 
India: Geography, Maps and Information
Geography and maps of the South Asian country of India.
www.geography.about.com/library/maps/blindia.htm

Facts about India - Geography
Facts about India - Geography- land, climate, geographical divisions, flora and fauna, national parks, rivers, mountains etc in india.
www.webindia123.com/india/geography/index.html

India: History, Geography, Government, and Culture
Information on India geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages, largest cities, ...
www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107629.html

Geography of India
Indify provides an insight into the Geography of India.
www.indfy.com/india/geography-of-india.html

Geography of India,India Geography,Geographic features of India
Know the geography of india through this section of surfindia. india geography is very rich is landscape, rivers and mountains. Geographic features of india ...
www.surfindia.com/india-facts/geography-of-india.html

An Introduction to India
Perhaps the only thing more difficult than to be indifferent to India would be to describe or understand India completely. Location, Geography, & Climate ...
www.geographia.com/india/