Gujarat controls some of
the largest businesses in India. According to the data published by
Punjab and Maharashtra, at Rs. 15,800. Major Agricultural produce of
the state include cotton,graundnuts, peanuts, dates, sugar cane,
milk & milk products. Industrial products include cement, and
20% of India's Industrial Output
10% of its Mineral Production
20% of its exports
25% of its textile production
40% of India's pharmaceutical products
47% petrochemical production
Largest Sea shore, 1670 km.
The worlds largest ship breaking yard is in Gujarat near Bhavnagar
at Alang. Reliance Petroleum Limited, one of the group companies of
Reliance Industries Limited founded by Dhirubhai Ambani operates the
oil refinery at Jamnagar which is the world's largest grass roots
refineries.The company has also planned another SEZ(special economic
zone), in Jamnagar.
Gujarat ranks first nationwide in gas-based thermal electricity
generation with national market share of over 8% and second
nationwide in nuclear electricity generation with national market
share of over 1%.
One of India's most industrialized states, Gujarat maintains a
variety of industries, the principal ones being general and
electrical engineering and the manufacture of textiles, vegetable
oils, chemicals, soda ash, and cement. New industries include the
production of fertilizers and petrochemicals. Major resources
produced by the state include cotton, peanuts, dates, sugarcane, and
petrol. The state is rich in calcite, gypsum, manganese, lignite,
bauxite, limestone, agate, feldspar and quartz sand and successful
mining of these minerals is done in their specified areas. Gujarat
produces about 90% of India’s required amount of Soda Ash and gives
the country about 66% of its national requirement of salt. It is one
of India's most prosperous states, having a per-capita GDP
significantly above India's average. Kalol Khambat and Ankaleshwar
are today known for their oil and natural gas production. ‘Dhuranan’
has a thermal power station, which uses coal, oil and gas. The
Tarapur nuclear station in Maharashtra supplies the remaining power.
Also on the Gulf of Khambat, 50 kilometers southeast of Bhavnagar ,
is the Alang Ship Recycling Yard (the world's largest). General
Motors produces the ‘Astra’ car near Vadodara. Jalalpur is a large
town of Gujarat, where several small and large textile industrial
units have been established. Surat, a city by the Gulf of Khambat,
is a hub of the global diamond trade.
During the period 1960-90, Gujarat established itself as a leader in
various industrial sectors - Textiles, Engineering, Chemicals,
Petrochemicals, Drugs & Pharmaceuticals, Dairy, Cement & Ceramics,
Gems & Jewellery, etc.
Post-liberalization period saw Gujarat's State Domestic Product (SDP)
rising at an average growth rate of 14% per annum in real terms
(from 1994 -2002).
Gujarat achieved as much as 35% of augmentation in its power
generation capacity during the period 1995-96 and 2000-01. The
producers (IPPs) have contributed significantly in this addition. As
a matter of fact Gujarat is one of the first few states in India to
have encouraged private sector investment and are already in
operation. In addition the liquid cargo (Chemicals) handling port at
Dahej is also set up in joint sector and made operational.
At an investor's summit entitled Vibrant Gujarat arranged between
January 10, 2007 to January 13, 2007, at Science City, Ahmedabad,
the state government signed 104 Memoranda of Understandings for
Special Economic Zones totalling worth Rs 2.5 lakh crore. . However,
most of the investment was from domestic industry.
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