How to Go
Kerala has 145,704
kilometers (90,539 mi) of roads (4.2% of India's total). This
translates to about 4.62 kilometers (2.87 mi) of road per thousand
population, compared to an all India average of 2.59 kilometers
(1.61 mi). Virtually all of Kerala's villages are connected by road.
Traffic in Kerala has been growing at a rate of 10–11% every year,
resulting in high traffic and pressure on the roads. Kerala's road
density is nearly four times the national average, reflecting the
state's high population density. Kerala's annual total of road
accidents is among the nation's highest.
India's national highway network includes a Kerala-wide total of
1,524 kilometers (947 mi), which is 2.6% of the national total.
There are eight designated national highways in the state. The
Kerala State Transport Project (KSTP), which includes the GIS-based
Road Information and Management Project (RIMS), is responsible for
maintaining and expanding the 1,600 kilometers (994 mi) of roadways
that compose the state highways system; it also oversees major
district roads. Most of Kerala's west coast is accessible through
two national highways, NH 47, and NH 17.
The state has major international airports at Thiruvananthapuram,
Kochi, and Kozhikode that link the state with the rest of the nation
and the world. The Cochin International Airport at Kochi is the
first international airport in India that was built without Central
Government funds, and is also the country's first publicly owned
airport. The backwaters traversing the state are an important mode
of inland navigation. The Indian Railways' Southern Railway line
runs throughout the state, connecting all major towns and cities
except those in the highland districts of Idukki and Wayanad.
Kerala's major railway stations are Trivandrum Central, Kollam
Junction, Ernakulam Junction, Thrissur, Kozhikode, Shoranur
Junction, and Palakkad.