Governments & Politics
Madhya Pradesh has a
230-seat state Legislative Assembly. The state also sends 40 members
to the Parliament of India: 29 are elected to the Lok Sabha (Lower
House) and 11 to the Rajya Sabha (Upper House).
The dominant political parties in the state are the Bharatiya Janata
Party and the Indian National Congress. Unlike many of its
neighbours, Madhya Pradesh has largely a two-party system with small
or regional parties not having had much success in recent elections.
In the November 2003 state elections, the BJP won an absolute
majority of 173 seats, defeating the governing Congress who won just
38 seats. Other parties in the state legislature include the
Samajwadi Party with 7 seats.
The current chief minister is Shivraj singh Chauhan, who succeeded
Babulal Gaur and Uma Bharti. Before the BJP won in 2003, the
longtime Congress Chief Minister was Digvijay Singh.
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