Meghalaya is a small state in north-eastern India. The word "Meghalaya"
literally means "The Abode of Clouds" in Sanskrit and other Indic
languages. Meghalaya is a hilly strip in the eastern part of the
country about 300 km long (east-west) and 100 km wide, with a total
area of about 22,429 km˛. The population numbered 2,175,000 in 2000.
The state is bounded on the north by Assam and by Bangladesh on the
south. The capital is Shillong, which has a population of 260,000.
About one third of the state is forested. The Meghalaya subtropical
forests ecoregion encompasses the state; its montane forests are
distinct from the lowland tropical forests to the north and south.
The forests of Meghalaya are notable for their biodiversity of
mammals, birds, and plants.