Mizoram is one of
the Seven Sister States in northeastern India on the border with
Myanmar. Its population at the 2001 census stood at 888,573.
Mizoram's 91.1% literacy rate is the the highest among all Indian
Mizoram is a mountainous region which became the 23rd state of the
Indian Union in February, 1987. It was one of the districts of Assam
until January 21, 1972 when it became a Union Territory. Sandwiched
between Myanmar in the east and south and Bangladesh in the west,
Mizoram occupies an area of great strategic importance in the
northeastern corner of India. The boundaries with Myanmar and
Bangladesh total 722 kilometers.
Mizoram has the most variegated hilly terrain in the eastern part of
India. The hills are steep (avg. height 1000 metres) and separated
by rivers which flow either to the north or south creating deep
gorges between the hill ranges. The highest peak in Mizoram is the
Blue Mountain (Phawngpui) with a height of 2210 metres.
Mizoram has a mild climate: it is generally cool in summer and not
very cold in winter. During winter, the temperature varies from 11°C
to 21°C and in summer it varies between 20°C to 29°C. The entire
area is under the regular influence of monsoons. It rains heavily
from May to September and the average rainfall is 254 cm, per annum.
The average annual rainfall in Aizawl and Lunglei are 208
centimetres and 350 centimetres, respectively. Winter in Mizoram is
normally rain-free. Mizoram is rich in flora and fauna and many
kinds of tropical trees and plants thrive in the area.