Rajasthan is culturally
rich and has artistic and cultural traditions which reflect the
ancient Indian way of life. There is rich and varied folk culture
from villages which is both fascinating and mesmerizing. Highly
cultivated classical music and dance with its own distinct style is
part of the cultural tradition of Rajasthan. The music is of
uncomplicated innocence and songs depict day-to-day relationships
and chores, more often focused around fetching water from wells or
The Ghoomar dance from Udaipur and Kalbeliya dance of Jaisalmer have
gained international recognition. Folk music is a vital part of
Rajasthani culture. Kathputali, Bhopa, Chang, Teratali, Ghindar,
Kachchhighori, Tejaji etc. are the examples of the traditional
Rajasthani culture. Folk songs are commonly ballads which relate
heroic deeds and love stories; and religious or devotional songs
known as bhajans and banis (often accompanied by musical instruments
like dholak, sitar, sarangi etc.) are also sung.
Rajasthan is known for its traditional, colorful art. The block
prints, tie and dye prints, Bagaru prints, Sanganer prints, Zari
embroidery are major export products from Rajasthan. Handicraft
items like wooden furniture and handicrafts, carpets, blue pottery
are some of the things commonly found here. Rajasthan is a shoppers'
paradise, with beautiful goods found at low prices. Reflecting the
colorful Rajasthani culture, Rajasthani clothes have a lot of
mirror-work and embroidery. A Rajasthani traditional dress for
females comprises an ankle length skirt and a short top, also known
as a lehenga or a chaniya choli. A piece of cloth is used to cover
the head, both for protection from heat and maintenance of modesty.
Rajasthani dresses are usually designed in bright colours like blue,
yellow and orange.
Rajasthan is famous for the majestic forts, intricately carved
temples and decorated havelis, which were built by kings in previous
ages. Jantar Mantar, Dilwara Temples, Chittorgarh Fort, Lake Palace
Hotel, City Palaces, Jaisalmer Havelis are part of the true
architectural heritage of India. Jaipur, the Pink City, is noted for
the ancient houses made of a type of sand stone dominated by a pink
hue. At Ajmer, the white marble Bara-dari on the Anasagar lake is
exquisite. Jain Temples dot Rajasthan from north to south and east
to west. Dilwara Temples of Mount Abu, Ranakpur Temple dedicated to
Lord Adinath near Udaipur, Jain temples in the fort complexes of
Chittor, Jaisalmer and Kumbhalgarh, Lodarva Jain temples, Bhandasar
Temple of Bikaner are some of the best examples.
Rajasthan is often called a shopper's paradise. Rajasthan is famous
for textiles, semi-precious stones and handicrafts. The attractive
designs of jewellery and clothes are eye-catching and invite
shoppers. Rajasthani furniture has intricate carvings and bright
colours. Rajasthani handicrafts are in demand due to the intricate
work on them. Above all, Rajasthan's shopping appeals to both
tourists and people from other parts of India due to its cheap
prices for quality goods.
The main religious festivals are Deepawali, Holi, Gangaur, Teej,
Gogaji, Makar Sankranti and Janmashtami, as the main religion is
Hinduism. Rajasthan's desert festival is celebrated with great zest
and zeal. This festival is held once a year during winters. Dressed
in brilliantly hued costumes, the people of the desert dance and
sing haunting ballads of valor, romance and tragedy. There are fairs
with snake charmers, puppeteers, acrobats and folk performers.
Camels, of course, play a stellar role in this festival.