Economy of Rajasthan
economy is primarily agricultural and pastoral. Wheat and barley are
cultivated over large areas, as are pulses, sugarcane, and oilseeds.
Cotton and tobacco are cash crops. Rajasthan is among the largest
producers of edible oils in India and the second largest producer of
oilseeds. Rajasthan is also the biggest wool-producing state in
India. There are mainly two crop seasons. The water for irrigation
comes from wells and tanks. The Indira Gandhi Canal irrigates
The industrialization of Rajasthan slowly began in 1960s. The main
industries are mineral based, agriculture based, and textiles.
Rajasthan is the second largest producer of polyester fibre in
India. The Bhilwara District produces more cloth than Bhiwandi,
Maharashtra. Several prominent chemical and engineering companies
are located in the town of Kota, in western Rajasthan.
Rajasthan is pre-eminent in quarrying and mining in India. The state
is the second largest source of cement in India. It has rich salt
deposits at Sambhar, copper mines at Khetri and zinc mines at Dariba,
Zawar mines at Zawarmala for zinc, rampura aghucha (opencast) near
Bhilwara. Dimensional stone mining is also undertaken in Rajasthan:
Jodhpur sandstone is mostly used in monuments, important buildings,
residential buildings, etc. This stone is termed "chittar patthar".
Endowed with natural beauty and a great history, tourism is
flourishing in Rajasthan. The palaces of Jaipur, lakes of Udaipur,
and desert forts of Jodhpur, Bikaner & Jaisalmer are among the most
preferred destination of many tourists, Indian and foreign. Tourism
accounts for eight percent of the state's domestic product. Many old
and neglected palaces and forts have been converted into heritage
hotels. Tourism has increased employment in the hospitality sector.
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