and fauna Rajasthan
Flora and fauna in
Though a large percentage
of the total area is desert, and even though there is little forest
cover, Rajasthan has a rich and varied flora and fauna. The natural
vegetation is classed as Northern Desert Thorn Forest (Champion
1936). These occur in small clumps scattered in a more or less open
forms. Density and size of patches increase from west to east
following the increase in rainfall.
Some wildlife species, which are fast vanishing in other parts of
India, are found in the desert in large numbers such as the Great
Indian Bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps), the Blackbuck (Antilope
cervicapra), the Indian Gazelle (Gazella bennettii) and the Indian
The Desert National Park, Jaisalmer, spread over an area of 3162
km˛, is an excellent example of the ecosystem of the Thar Desert,
and its diverse fauna. Great Indian Bustard, Blackbuck, chinkara,
desert fox, Bengal fox, wolf, desert cat etc. can be easily seen
here. Seashells and massive fossilized tree trunks in this park
record the geological history of the desert. The region is a haven
for migratory and resident birds of the desert. One can see many
eagles, harriers, falcons, buzzards, kestrel and vultures.
Short-toed Eagles (Circaetus gallicus), Tawny Eagles (Aquila rapax),
Spotted Eagles (Aquila clanga), Laggar Falcons (Falco jugger) and
kestrels are the commonest of these.
Tal Chhapar Sanctuary is a very small sanctuary in Churu District,
210 km from Jaipur, in the Shekhawati region. This sanctuary is home
to a large population of graceful Blackbuck. Desert Fox and desert
cat can also be spotted along with typical avifauna such as
partridge and sand grouse.