Governments & Politics of Tamil Nadu
Governments & Politics
Tamil Nadu had a bicameral legislature until 1986, when it was
replaced with a unicameral legislature, like most other states in
India. The 'Governor' is the Constitutional head of the state while
the 'Chief minister' is the head of the government and the head of
the council of ministers. The Chief Justice of the Madras High Court
is the head of the judiciary. The present Governor, Chief minister
and the Chief Justice are S. S. Barnala, M. Karununanidhi and A. P.
Shah respectively.The major administrative units of the state
constitutes 39 Lok Sabha constituencies, 234 Assembly
constituencies, 31 districts, 8 municipal corporations, 152
municipalities, 561 town panchayats and 12,618 village panchayats.
Chennai (formerly known as Madras) is the state capital. It is the
fourth largest city in India and is also one of the five A1
Metropolitan cities of India.
Tamil Nadu has been a pioneering state in E-Governance initiatives
in India. A large part of the government records like land ownership
records are already digitised and all major offices of the state
government like Urban Local Bodies — all the Corporations and
Municipal Office activities — revenue collection, land registration
offices, and transport offices have been computerised, thereby
improving the quality of service and transparency in operations.