Governments & Politics of Tripura
Governments & Politics
governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy,
a feature the state shares with other Indian states. Universal
suffrage is granted to residents. There are three branches of
government. The legislature, the Tripura Legislative Assembly,
consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the
Speaker and Deputy Speaker, that are elected by the members.
Assembly meetings are presided over by the Speaker or the Deputy
Speaker in the Speaker's absence. The judiciary is composed of the
Guwahati High Court (Agartala Bench) and a system of lower courts.
Executive authority is vested in the Council of Ministers headed by
the Chief Minister, although the titular head of government is the
Governor. The Governor is the head of state appointed by the
President of India. The leader of the party or coalition with a
majority in the Legislative Assembly is appointed as the Chief
Minister by the Governor, and the Council of Ministers are appointed
by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister. The Council of
Ministers reports to the Legislative Assembly. The Assembly is
unicameral with 60 Members of the Legislative Assembly, or MLAs .
Terms of office run for 5 years, unless the Assembly is dissolved
prior to the completion of the term. Tripura sends 2 representatives
to the Lok Sabha and 1 representative to the Rajya Sabha. Auxiliary
authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are
regularly held, govern local affairs. Tripura also has an autonomous
tribal council, the Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council
which has it head-quarters in Khumulwng.
The main political parties are the Left Front and the National
Socialist Party of Tripura. Tripura is currently governed by Left
Front, with Manik Sarkar as Chief Minister. Until 1977 the state was
governed by the Indian National Congress. The left front governed
from 1978 to 1988, and then returned in power in 1993. During
1988–1993 the state was governed by a coalition of the Congress and
Tripura Upajati Juba Samiti.