Lucknow, the capital
of Uttar Pradesh, thrives along the banks of Gomti river. The city,
Awadh and Uttar Pradesh fell to the British during imperialistic era
. Today, Lucknow is dotted with remnants of its rich cultural past.
Lucknow is also known for its elaborate cuisine and Chikankaari or
exquisite shadow-work embroidery on fine muslin cloth.
Lucknow is a historically important city and for many centuries was
at the heart of North Indian culture. In particular, the city was
famous for its Adab and Tehzeeb (manners and hospitality), intricate
embroidery, beautiful gardens and dance forms such as Kathak. It was
also one of the sites of the 1857 Indian Mutiny (or First War of
Indian Independence). The Hindi spoken in Lucknow is considered the
most beautiful and gentle in the country. Currently the city has a
population of around 2.5 million.
Lucknow is the heart of the art, cuisine, dance, culture and music
of Northern India. It was the cradle of the Hindu-Muslim-Sikh
symbioses that made India great. it brought in the best of various
cultures and accepted Western institutions like La Martiniere in her
womb. It was made famous by the soft-spoken, and sweet tongued, Awadh-Lucknowai culture that was based on civilized behaviour toward
fellow human beings. Lucknow is the home of Urdu, Hindustani and
Hindi languages. The city became known as a centre for Urdu poetry
and courtly presence and diction, being the birthplace and city of
residence for many poets. The Mushaira, an event of poetry
recitation forms the heart of Lucknow's nightlife where Mushairas go
on into the wee hours of the night. Lucknow's only rival in Northern
India was Delhi, though Lucknowies were always embroiled in a
healthy rivalry with Delhi, home of the famous poet Ghalib and
others. Lucknow is also famous for its sweetmeat, the sweet shops in
the old city dates to 1850s. Awadhi and mughlai food is the delight
of the visitors to Lucknow.