Sarnath or Sarnātha is the deer park
where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma, and where the Buddhist
Sangha came into existence through the enlightenment of Kondanna..
Sarnath is a small village in Uttar Pradesh, India, about 13 km
north-east of Varanasi. It's famous as the site of the deer park
where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma and also where the
original Sangha was formed. Consequently, it is one of the 4 main
Buddhist pilgrimage destinations.
Within the deer park complex is the large Dhamekha Stupa,
constructed by the Emperor Ashoka in 249 BCE, and several other
Buddhist structures that were added between the 3rd century BCE and
the 11th century CE.
The town is relatively peaceful and green.
Singhpur, a village one km away from the site, was the birth place
of Shreyansanath, the eleventh Jain Tirthankar of the present age (Avasarpini),
and a temple dedicated to him, is an important Jain pilgrimage