Karnataka - India
is a state in the southern part of India. It was created on November
1, 1956, with the passing of the States Reorganisation Act.
Originally known as the State of Mysore, it was renamed Karnataka in
Karnataka is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, Goa to the
northwest, Maharashtra to the north, Andhra Pradesh to the east,
Tamil Nadu to the southeast, and Kerala to the southwest. The state
covers an area of 191,791 km˛ (74,051 sq mi) or 5.83% of the total
geographical area of India. It is the eighth largest Indian state by
area, the ninth largest by population and comprises 29 districts.
Kannada is the official and most widely spoken language.
Though several etymologies have been suggested for the name
Karnataka, the generally accepted one is that Karnataka is derived
from the Kannada words karu and nādu, meaning elevated land. Karu
nadu may also be read as Karu (black) and nadu (region), as a
reference to the black cotton soil found in the Bayaluseeme region
of Karnataka. The British used the word Carnatic (sometimes Karnatak)
to describe both sides of peninsular India, south of the Krishna
With an antiquity that dates to the paleolithic, Karnataka has also
been home to some of the most powerful empires of ancient India. The
philosophers and musical bards patronised by these empires launched
socio-religious and literary movements which have endured to the
present day. Karnataka has contributed significantly to both forms
of Indian classical music, the Carnatic and Hindustani traditions.
Writers in the Kannada language have received the most number of
Jnanpith awards in India. Bangalore is the capital city of the state
and is at the forefront of the rapid economic and technological
development that India is experiencing.